The Hormel Institute Scientists Publish Discoveries Advancing
Understanding of Bile Duct Cancer
Breakthrough could lead to new treatment of an aggressive cancer
Austin, Minn – August 19, 2021 – Scientists at The Hormel Institute published new research surrounding cholangiocarcinoma, a bile duct cancer and deadly form of liver cancer with no effective pharmacologic therapy available.
The article “Histone Deacetylase SIRT1 promotes loss of primary cilia in Cholangiocarcinoma” was published in Hepatology (2021). The research was a collaborative effort between The Hormel Institute, the Masonic Cancer Center, Mayo Clinic, and several institutions in Italy. The authors include Dr. Sergio Gradilone, Associate Professor and head of the Cancer Cell Biology and Translational Research lab at The Hormel Institute, and Dr. Kishor Pant, who works in Dr. Gradilone’s lab. Dr. Pant served as first author on this paper.
“This research is significant because it will contribute to a new understanding of HDACs and their effect on cilia formation and provide possible new targets for cholangiocarcinoma prevention and control,” said Dr. Pant.
Cilia are hair-like structures protruding from the cellular membrane. The primary cilium is like an antenna that almost every cell in our bodies have. Research shows that tumor cells eliminate this cellular antenna which gives them the chance to grow and move faster. Therefore, it’s important to understand the mechanisms that cancer cells use to get rid of primary cilia in order to inhibit this process and reduce the growth and migration ability of tumor cells. Dr. Pant and his team of collaborators found one of the mechanisms that bile duct cancer cells use to eliminate cilia.
“SIRT1 is a protein deacetylase known to act as a tumor promoter or suppressor in different cancers. We found a novel mechanism of SIRT1-induced destabilization of primary cilia in cholangiocarcinoma,” said Dr. Sergio Gradilone, Associate Professor and head of the Cancer Cell Biology and Translational Research lab at The Hormel Institute.
This discovery could lead to developing new treatments for cholangiocarcinoma.
“Cholangiocarcinoma usually develops without pain, therefore, its identification is generally made at a late stage when surgical treatments are excluded, leaving patients with insufficient therapeutic choices. Therefore the development of novel therapeutic approaches is key,” said Dr. Gradilone.
Read the full article here: https://aasldpubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hep.32080
A downloadable photo of Dr. Gradilone is available here: https://www.hi.umn.edu/download/sergio-gradilone/