Rafael Contreras-Galindo, PhD, Receives Grant for Research That Could Lead to New Treatments for a Group of Rare Diseases
AUSTIN, Minn. – The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota’s, Rafael Contreras-Galindo, PhD, has been awarded the Marta Marx Fund for the Eradication of Scleroderma Award from the National Scleroderma Foundation. Scleroderma is a group of rare diseases with fewer than 200,000 cases per year and is a serious condition that can be fatal. Primarily scleroderma is associated with the hardening and tightening of the skin, but problems arise when blood vessels and internal organs get involved in some cases.
“Identifying the cause of scleroderma is the main goal of this study,” said Dr. Contreras-Galindo, as the cause is currently unknown. Researchers suspect the immune system is overreacting and causing inflammation and damage that triggers connective tissue cells to make too much collagen in the body, resulting in scleroderma. But much work is needed to fully understand this process and discover how to prevent and treat the disease.
Dr. Contreras-Galindo will be tackling this work by looking at the immune system response triggers, specifically why centromere dysfunction occurs. The centromere is part of a chromosome that helps a cell divide up its DNA during division. When a centromere splits incorrectly during cell division, it activates an immune signal pathway that acts as a sensor and triggers an immune response. The immune system overreacts, causing inflammation and injury to blood vessels. In the case of scleroderma cells, they continue to grow, causing scar tissue to form and/or a buildup of collagen in the skin.
“A potential treatment strategy is using therapies to weaken this immune signal pathway, specifically the cGAS-STING pathway,” said Dr. Contreras-Galindo. “This could slow down the production of scleroderma cells, leading to less scar tissue being produced.”
This two-year, $200,000 grant will support Dr. Contreras-Galindo’s research titled Centromeres, Chromosome Instability and cGAS-STING Activation in Scleroderma Fibrosis.
ABOUT THE HORMEL INSTITUTE
The Hormel Institute is an independent biomedical research department within the University of Minnesota’s Office of the Vice President for Research. Collaborative research partners include Masonic Cancer Center UMN (a Comprehensive Cancer Center as designated by the National Cancer Institute, NIH), Mayo Clinic, and many other leading research centers worldwide. The Hormel Institute, which tripled in size in 2008 and doubled again in size in 2016, is home to some of the world’s most cutting-edge research technologies and expert scientists. Over the next few years, The Hormel Institute will broaden its impact through innovative, world-class research in its quest to improve human health.